Background to the Trial In b. Socrates regularly insisted that he was merely an earnest philosophical inquirer after truth asking those who presumably knew. In this insistence he was only half sincere.
He has more reason to fear his older accusers than these recent ones, because the former have been speaking out against him for some time, prejudicing many of the jurymen against him from the time of their youth.
These older accusers levy two principal accusations against Socrates: Socrates complains that he is not even certain who these older accusers are, though he makes a passing allusion to Aristophanes the comic playwright who parodied Socrates in The Clouds.
As a result, he cannot cross-examine these accusers, and he must acknowledge that the prejudices they have lodged against him go very deep. All he can do is answer their accusations as best as he can. Socrates first addresses himself to the accusation that he "inquires into things below the earth and in the sky" 19b --that is, that he tries to provide physical explanations for matters that are normally considered to be the workings of the gods.
He refers here to Aristophanes' play, where Socrates is portrayed as floating about in the air and uttering all sorts of nonsense about divine matters. Socrates responds that he does not pretend to have any knowledge of these things, nor is he interested in them.
He has no complaints against people who do claim to be experts in these affairs, but he is not one of them. He asks the jury to consider whether any of them has ever heard him speak about any of these subjects.
Socrates then distances himself from the sophists the men who are typically disdained for teaching their students how to make weaker arguments overcome stronger arguments.
These men generally charge a fee for their services, and Socrates denies ever having charged anyone for engaging in conversation with him. He ridicules such behavior, saying that a sophist will persuade young men "to leave the company of their fellow citizens, with any of whom they can associate for nothing, attach themselves to him, pay money for the privilege, and be grateful into the bargain" 19ea.
These sophists claim to teach their students about virtue and how to become better citizens, and Socrates concedes that such teaching may well be worth a great fee, but that he himself lacks any skill in teaching these matters.
Commentary The main thrust of this section is to distance Socrates from the Presocratic philosophers and from the sophists, distinguishing him as unique among the Athenian intellectuals.
The claim that Socrates provides physical explanations for divine phenomena is true of the Presocratics, and the claim that Socrates charges a fee for teaching rhetoric is true of the sophists, but neither claim is true of Socrates himself. He consistently professes to have no expertise in any field whatsoever; that he has never claimed such expertise; and that he has certainly never charged a fee for passing on such knowledge.
The Presocratics date back to the sixth century B.
The state sanctioned devout worship of the Olympian gods, so the Presocratics' teaching was considered illegal and dangerous. In the Phaedo 96abSocrates claims that in his youth, he was attracted to the teachings of Anaxagoras, one of the great Presocratics, but that he later abandoned that line of thinking.
Plato’s Apology is a narrative of the famous speech of Socrates that is made during his trial. Instead of apologizing, Socrates attempts to defend himself and his actions. He is put on trial due to his accusations of corrupting Athens, not acknowledging the same gods as the state, and creating new gods. Apology by Plato is an argument that defends both he and his master, Socrates’, way of thinking and looking at the world and records his masters last argument in defense of philosophy - Analysis of Plato's Apology Essay introduction. At the time this work was created, . Analysis Of Socrates's ' Four Accusations About Socrates ' Words | 7 Pages Four accusations about Socrates are that he commits injustice and is a busybody; he investigates things in the heavens and beneath the earth; he does not acknowledge the gods; he makes the weaker argument the stronger; he teaches this to others; he corrupts the young (Plato, Apology, 18cb, pg 47).
However, Socrates himself never taught such matters, and his defense at 19d is not that he was never interested in Presocratic philosophy, but that he never claimed expertise or taught it himself.
Indeed, Socrates' teachings remained exclusively in the human realm, dealing with questions of ethics and virtue. One of his great contributions to philosophy is the introduction of ethical questions, and his dismissal of the Presocratic interest in cosmology.
The sophists were discussed in the previous section as men who trained Athenian youths for a career in politics by teaching them how to make convincing arguments and flowery speeches. Plato is determined to set Socrates apart from such men, and many of his dialogues have Socrates showing up the emptiness of their teachings.
One of the great differences between Socrates and the sophists is that the sophists charged a fee for their services, and Socrates' poverty speaks to the fact that he has clearly not profited greatly from teaching.Plato's Apology is the speech Socrates made at his trial.
Socrates was charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by the state and corrupting the youth of Athens. In The Apology, Socrates attempted to defend himself.
He spoke in a very simple, uncomplicated manner. In Plato’s Apology of Socrates, Plato recounts the speech that Socrates gave shortly before his death, during the trial in BC in which he was charged with “corrupting the young, and by not believing in the gods in whom the city believes, also being a busybody and intervene gods business”.
The Apology is Plato's recollection and interpretation of the Trial of Socrates ( BC). In this dialogue Socrates explains who he is and what kind of life he led. The Greek word "apologia" means "explanation" -- it is not to be confused with "apologizing" or "being sorry" for one's actions.
In Plato’s version of the trials of Socrates, titled “Apology,” Socrates responds to accusations of the court of Athens put against him for corrupting the local youth. Socrates has spent his.
Plato's The Apology is an account of the speech Socrates makes at the trial in which he is charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by the state, inventing new deities, and corrupting the youth of Athens.
Socrates' speech, however, is by no means an "apology" in our modern understanding of . A summary of 18a - 20c in Plato's The Apology. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Apology and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.