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Feminism term papers Disclaimer: Free essays on Feminism posted on this site were donated by anonymous users and are provided for informational use only. The free Feminism research paper Deconstructing the clock essay Of Patriarchy essay presented on this page should not be viewed as a sample of our on-line writing service.
You should illustrate your answer with reference to a range of feminist perspectives. For two hundred years, patriarchy precluded women from having a legal or political identity and the legislation and attitudes supporting this provided the model for slavery. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries suffrage campaigners succeeded in securing some legal and political rights for women in the UK.
Equal status for women of all races, classes, sexualities and abilities - in the 21st century these feminist claims for equality are generally accepted as reasonable principles in western society; yet the contradiction between this principle of equality and the demonstrable inequalities between the sexes that still exist exposes the continuing dominance of male privilege and values throughout society patriarchy.
This essay seeks to move beyond the irrepressible evidence for gender inequality and the division of labour. Rather, it poses the question of gender inequality as it manifests itself as an effect of patriarchy drawing from a theoretical body of work which has been developed so recently that it would have been impossible to write this essay thirty years ago.
The feminist engagement with theories of patriarchy criticised pre-existing theoretical positions and their ideological use, tracing theoretical progenitors of popular views about gender, gender roles etc Cooper, ; Raymond, Developing theories to explain how gender inequalities have their roots in ideologies of gender difference and a hierarchical gender order, feminist theoretical concepts of patriarchy are able to explain and challenge gender inequality and the gendered division of labour in the private and social spheres Seidman, Patriarchy, Structure and Gender Inequality Walby reveals how patriarchy operates to achieve and maintain the gender inequalities essential for the subordination of women.
Crucially for this essay, she shows how it can operate differently in the private and public domain but toward the same end. She identifies patriarchy as having diverse forms of and relationships between its structures in the public and private spheres, and yet still operates in a related fashion.
Firstly, Walby points out that the structures of patriarchy differ in their form. The household has a different structure to other institutional forms, e.
This is an important point because if feminist theories of patriarchy are to stand they must show that patriarchy operates to the same end in both the private and public sphere, even if it uses different strategies, otherwise it could not be the main reason for the continuing inequality of women in both the private and public sphere.
Walby shows that within the private structure and the public structures, patriarchy does use different strategies to maintain gender inequality and these strategies both achieve the subordination of women. The household strategy is considered to be exclusionary and the public structures strategy as segregationist.
The exclusionary strategy in the private arena is based on household production. Application of this strategy in the domestic sphere depends on individual patriarchs controlling women in the private world of the home.
The segregationist strategy used in the public patriarchy actively excludes women from the public arena using various structures to subordinate them. Application depends on controlling access to public arenas Golombok and Fivush, This strategy does not benefit the institution directly, but it does ensure that individual patriarchs are privileged at the expense of women, and it maintains gender differences.
The way in which individual patriarchs and public institutions use there power further reveals how related the structures of patriarchy are. Public institutions do not have the power to oppress individual women or exclude them directly from public structures; this work is carried out in the home.
Power in institutions is used collectively rather than individually, and the segregationist strategy pursued in the public arena maintains the exclusionary strategy used in private that in turn supports the segregationist strategy used in public.
Yet, the institution can only pursue its segregationist strategy because the individual patriarch subordinates the individual women daily.
Men split their extra two hours between leisure time and paid employment. She asks if it is a realistic possibility that patriarchy could be so completely and comprehensively asserted in as little as two hours a day. This description of the relationship between patriarchy and structure demonstrates how inequalities in the workplace and in inequality in the home are two sides of the same coin and individual males are involved in the direct and indirect subordination of women simultaneously.
The concepts that allowed Walby to define patriarchy as she has are discussed below, with reference to the work of second and third wave feminist thinkers.
Gender and Gender Inequalities in the Domestic and Occupational Divisions of Labour Feminist concepts of gender and gender inequality allow us to refer more or less directly to a theoretical framework for understanding how they have come to form a basis that helps structure the whole of society according to the concept of patriarchy Seidman, The gender differences, which lead to gender inequality in the division of labour, and presented as natural by patriarchy and unequal gender order has been normalised and legitimated by science, medicine and popular culture Raymond, Feminists hold that this normalisation conceals the social and political formation of an unequal male order, arguing that gender difference is socially produced in order to sustain male dominance Seidman, Frable points out that there is no basis for a biological account of gender difference since gender identity can only refer to the psychological sense of being male or female.
Gender is now understood as a social category Frable, and so liberal feminism was correct to deny that nature requires rigidly separate and unequal social roles based on gender Ruehl, The patriarchal concepts of gender criticised by feminists are used to ascribe the roles that result in gender inequality in the division of labour Sarup, This view is supported by Garnsey when she describes the division of labour as the differentiation of work tasks organised in structured patterns of activity.
These activities are imposed and remunerated in a specific and unequal manner.Deconstructing the clock Essay - Summary Ever since the dawn of civilization we have observed time by its natural occurrence and we also relied on man made primitive tools to measure time.
Grapes of Wrath Essay Because of the devastating disaster of the dust bowl, the Joad family was forced to leave their long-time home and find work and a new life elsewhere.
They, like many other families, moved to California/5(5). Deconstructing the Clock This Essay Deconstructing the Clock and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on heartoftexashop.com Autor: review • October 28, • Essay • Words (4 Pages) • Views.
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Deconstructing Memory in Drosophila Deconstructing Memory in Drosophila Margulies, Carla; Tully, Tim; Dubnau, Josh Unlike most organ systems, which have evolved to maintain homeostasis, the brain has been selected to sense and adapt to environmental stimuli by constantly altering interactions in a gene network that functions within a larger neural network.
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