They include [k, g, x, ng]. Palatovelar consonants are articulated with the back part of the tongue against the hard palate.
A similar and related issue also arises over prescriptive grammar, i. John McWhorter doesn't have much use for this kind of thing either.
He values the living, changing, spoken language, where usage steadily changes and grammar and vocabulary evolve over time. Dealing with this is simply "descriptive grammar," not "prescriptive.
There was also the problem of getting right the grammar that actually applies to a language like English, rather than to Latin.
A good example would be correcting people who answer "That's me" rather than "It is I. The latter corrects this "error. The latter, however, truly is bad French; but moi seems to be neither nominative je nor accusative me.
Modern English, which is strongly influenced by French, uses "me" for both the accusative case and for this sort of "topical" use of moi.
Latin doesn't have anything quite like that. Another issue would be the inherent ambiguity of certain grammatical rules. The Bible says, "For the wages of sin is death" [Romans 6: There is something odd and archaic about that sentence, probably because the plural number of the subject "wages" does not agree with the singular number of the verb "is".
The verb actually is agreeing with the number of the predicate nominative "death". There is in truth a dilemma here that is not easily resolved. Where the number of the subject and the predicate nominative do not agree, there is going to be a sense of inconsistency whichever number the verb is in.
Where today we may expect the verb to agree with the subject, come what may, the translators working for King James apparently saw the matter otherwise. Whichever way we go, there is clearly an arbitrary element, which is something that grammatical martinets seem reluctant to allow.
Once upon a time, I was hoping to consult the Greek text and follow its usage. However, what we get at Romans 6: It is a nominal sentence.
So Greek doesn't need to worry about whether to match the number of the verb with the plural subject or the singular predicate nominative!
Apart from the silly idiosyncrasies of grammarians, confusions about getting the grammar right, and inherent logical problems in grammar, the issue is still a serious one in another respect.
As language changes, new languages emerge, which are as different and foreign from the parent language as many unrelated languages. This means you can no longer read the literature.
Jane Austin is recognizably Modern English, with some curiosities. The stream of Time, irresistible, ever moving, carries off and bears away all things that come to birth and plunges them into utter darkness, both deeds of no account and deeds which are mighty and worthy of commemoration; as the playwright [Sophocles] says, it "brings to light that which was unseen and shrouds from us that which was manifest.
Anna ComnenaThe Alexiad, translated by E. Sewter [Penguin Classics,p. Contemporary image of the Empress Maria, the Alan. John Locke is also Modern, but with more curiosities, most of which can be recognized from context e.
|Culture Name||Essay on the Origin of Indo-European Languages Article shared by No one can say with any amount of certainty how long ago the parent language, we now call Indo-European, was in an undifferentiated form and when it started developing in divergent directions.|
A century before Locke, however, William Shakespeare uses language that to me is often completely unintelligible -- McWhorter admits that he has problems with Shakespeare also. Nevertheless, Shakespeare is closely studied by many and his language recovered.
People learn that "wherefore" simply meant "why. Gwynne says, in his popular Gwynne's Grammar [Knopf, ], "Shakespeare can be followed nearly as easily as if the plays and sonnets were written today" [p.
I think this is quite false, as the dense footnotes on any page of a Shakespearean play can testify.Ancient Macedonian Language - a distinct Indo-European language.
Macedonia and Greece: Two Ancient and Separate Nations - John Shea pp Below is an essay on "English Is A Proto-Indo-European Language" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.
English is a Proto-Indo-European Language The English language is the result of at least seven millennia of .
Indo-European Language Family By Irene Thompson | Updated February 27, by Irene Thompson Indo-European is a family of languages that first spread throughout Europe and many parts of South Asia, and later to every corner of the globe as a result of colonization.
This broad family includes most of the European languages spoken today. The Indo-European family includes several major branches; Latin and the modern Romance languages, the Germanic languages, the Indo-Iranian languages (including Hindi and Sanskrit) the Slavic languages, the Baltic languages of Latvian and Lithuanian (but not Estonian, the Celtic languages, and Greek)/5(2).
Indo-European language; Indo-European language. WE WILL WRITE A CUSTOM ESSAY SAMPLE ON. languages of the world and they have a tendency to be diachronically stable which is inconsistent with the nature of Indo-European family in which no language preserves the original structure intact.
Another argument against reconstructing the third. While Indo-European is the mother language of most of today’s European languages, there are a number of languages spoken in Europe which are not a part of this language family: Basque, Finnish, Hungarian, Estonian, Lappish, and Turkish.