Scope and Role of Distributive Principles Distributive principles vary in numerous dimensions. They vary in what is considered relevant to distributive justice income, wealth, opportunities, jobs, welfare, utility, etc.
Like many of you readers, I have read countless such essays from within and beyond the academy. According those observers, by providing limited space and resources on campuses for the acknowledgment and celebration of various social identity groups that are underrepresented in colleges and universities, as well as marginalized across society, it was only a matter of time before white students would want to assert themselves as well.
The only trouble with that view, as was brilliantly enunciated by Cheryl Harris in in her discourse on whiteness as propertyis that the very idea of whiteness and the racialization of white people over and against all others is the invention of propertied, Protestant Christian, Western European settlers in the Americas.
Whiteness was the means of preserving their wealth and status within an ideologically theocratical capitalist system. This argument is disingenuous and ahistorical.
Mar 27, · A musket from the 18th century, when the Second Amendment was written, and an assault rifle of heartoftexashop.comCreditTop, MPI, via Getty Images, . Adapted from remarks to the Ninth Circuit Judicial Conference, San Francisco, July 17, Since November, a kind of fatalistic cloud has settled over the campaign to reform the federal criminal justice . “Justice in the Bible” BY RICHARD J. CLIFFORD, S. J. Published in Jesuit Education Conference Proceeding on the Future of Jesuit Higher Education.
In that argument, white students are rightfully presented as being allowed to believe in their own merits while Justice in the world essay the same time denying the meritorious potential of anyone unlike them -- particularly those who are members of racially minoritized groups.
Despite first-year orientation diversity sessions and general-education requirements including a plethora of options to expose students to diverse perspectives but few which present a challenge to normative worldviewsmost students leave college with the same assumptions with which they entered: Most students -- not even just white students, necessarily -- believe that advancement and opportunity is exclusively a function of merit, despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary, as noted by legal and educational scholar Lani Guinier.
What I have not yet seen in these electoral postmortems seeking to diagnose how working-class white people in the United States seemingly voted against their own economic interests leading to the election of Donald J.
The greatest strength of an institution lies in its ability to persevere over time, with its most fundamental modus operandi challenged but unchanged.
That has never been more true of the institution of American higher education as engendered and still practiced by historically white institutions HWIs. As I shared during a talk at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign recently, acknowledgment and celebration of diversity were not the primary goals of the student activists of the s through the s, who pushed for ethnic studies departments, student centers and increased recruitment and retention efforts focused on racially minoritized students, faculty members and staff members.
No, it was through such avenues that those generations of activists hoped to inspire institutional transformation through the presence of a critical mass of people of color on campuses.
That is where the politics of appeasement comes into play. Underestimating institutional stability, HWI university leaders quieted complaints and concerns from opposing sides: The same type of appeasement is happening in the current generation of student activism, whose demands sound hauntingly familiar: Advance more racially minoritized faculty and staff through tenure and promotion and into senior-level roles.
Admit more racially minoritized students and offer more scholarships to help them afford to attend and achieve a degree. Train faculty to effectively lead and deal with issues of equity in the classroom. Reduce and respond to incidents of microaggressions on the campus.
August 6th, Antony and the Johnsons - CUT THE WORLD video Directed by Nabil, staring Willem Dafoe, Carice van Houten and Marina Abramovic. August 1st, Antony takes over Dazed Digital this week featuring articles everyday, so far including interviews with Laurie Anderson, Planningtorock, Cyclobe, Antony and Buffy Sainte-Marie!Antony is also featured in The Skinny and Metro. Jan 12, · During an interview about a Black History Month essay contest that he's judging, Wolves guard Jamal Crawford veered into criticism of the President. The Case for Reparations. Two hundred fifty years of slavery. Ninety years of Jim Crow. Sixty years of separate but equal. Thirty-five years of racist housing policy.
Hire counseling center staff members who are competent to address the psychological stress of minoritized students. Create safe spaces on campus where minoritized students of various identities can share, heal and organize.
Recognize the multiple identities of minoritized students and the intersecting oppressions they face on the campus. In response, administrative leaders of HWIs are hiring chief diversity officers, establishing special endowments to support increased financial aid, launching cluster hires for faculty of color and investing in diversity programming, speakers and consultants.
Those efforts seek to quiet the protesters, trustees and donors at the same time, all the while creating little systemic or transformative change on the campus.
Diversity and Inclusion vs. Students with minoritized identities continue to face the same indignities and hostile campus climates, despite moderate increases in the compositional diversity of the campus.
But until they are no longer students, they often fail to recognize that what they asked for was insufficient to change the campus culture and climate. Students for whom HWIs were designed to educate for societal leadership receive not only no challenges to their perhaps unconscious internalized sense of racial, ethnic, sexual, gender and social class dominance but also reinforcement of the notion that diversity and inclusion are achieved by having people with different backgrounds in the same spaces.
As I shared in my remarks at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, diversity and inclusion rhetoric asks fundamentally different questions and is concerned with fundamentally different issues than efforts seeking equity and justice.
Whose presence in the room is under constant threat of erasure? We had a Black Lives Matter activist here last semester, so this semester we should invite someone from the alt-right.
Inclusion celebrates awards for initiatives and credits itself for having a diverse candidate pool. Justice celebrates getting rid of practices and policies that were having disparate impacts on minoritized groups.
By substituting diversity and inclusion rhetoric for transformative efforts to promote equity and justice, HWIs have appeased their constituents and avoided recognizable institutional change. But it is time for historically white institutions in American higher education to pursue real change and abandon the politics of appeasement.
A truly democratic education must not be ideologically neutral; rather, it must ardently pursue the preparation of students for engaged citizenship in an ostensibly democratic society.
Whether HWI leaders will gather the institutional will and the moral and ethical courage to provoke and institute real, substantive institutional transformation is unknown.
The first step on that road, however, is to make equity and justice the yardstick by which leaders measure progress instead of merely diversity and inclusion. Bio Dafina-Lazarus Stewart uses the nonbinary gender pronouns ze, zim and zir and is a professor of higher education and student affairs at Bowling Green State University.Jan 12, · During an interview about a Black History Month essay contest that he's judging, Wolves guard Jamal Crawford veered into criticism of the President.
Other Internet Resources Current Issues in Distributive Justice. Center For Economic And Social Justice This site promotes a new paradigm of economics and development, the “just third way”.
Provides links to numerous organisations, reports, articles and statistical data which support its paradigm. Justice in the World Essay by Patrice Haspil, High School, 11th grade, January download word file, 4 pages download word file, 4 pages 4 votes4/5(4).
Need-based financial aid is awarded to more than 65% of Wheaton students and our generous merit scholarships recognize students for high academic achievement, regardless of financial need. [Content note: hostility toward social justice, discussion of various prejudices] “Words! Words!
Words! I’m so sick of words! I get words all day through. Mar 27, · A musket from the 18th century, when the Second Amendment was written, and an assault rifle of heartoftexashop.comCreditTop, MPI, via Getty Images, .