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We let students play a corruption game, embedded into a variant of the ultimatum game. Those allotted the role of public servants chose between whistleblowing, opportunism and reciprocity by delivery of a contract and those acting as businesspeople chose how to frame the game and whether to blow the whistle.
While opportunism and abstaining from whistleblowing is the Nash equilibrium, another likely outcome was that businesspeople allocate resources to punishing public servants for non-delivery, exhibiting a preference for negative Research paper on impact of attitude.
Anticipating this, public servants might tend to reciprocate or blow the whistle upfront. Female public servants were more inclined to behave opportunistically; female businesspeople were less engaged in negative reciprocity.
This corroborates a favorable role of women in anticorruption. Businesspeople who strongly preferred a corrupt framing of the game and obtained a form with corrupt wording were more willing to punish non-delivering public servants.
This operates against camouflaging a bribe as a gift, because gifts fail to signal negative reciprocity. Johann Graf Lambsdorff holds a chair position in economic theory at the University of Passau, Germany and is senior research consultant for Transparency International.
He has published on corruption, institutional economics and monetary economics. One of the main objectives of reforms in public service sectors, comprising deregulation, restructuring and private-sector participations, is the introduction of competitive pressures.
However, regulation is prone to capture by narrow interests. This paper provides an overview of possible anti-corruption strategies which, in the end, have the objective to safeguard the objective of reforms.
The paper starts discussing organizational aspects: Then three key factors are presented: Traditional incentive theory within a principal-agent model leads to contemplating control, rewards and sanctions.
A new institutional approach taking into account the characteristics of corrupt deals leads to policies aiming at augmenting the transaction costs of corruption and fostering the opportunism between corrupt partners.
Finally, measures are discussed seeking to tackle the problem of information asymmetries between the different actors, which is the root for capture and corrupt opportunities. Regulatory Capture Revisited Author: Regulation is widely considered as the key issue in reforms of public service sectors.
But it has been pointed early to the problem that regulatory capture could undermine the stated aims of the reforms. This paper reviews the concept and the literature of regulatory capture under the special focus of public service sectors. Although mentioning corruption as an important mean way of capture, these theories fall short in analysing corruption in detail.
The paper thus widens the concept of regulatory capture by introducing recent insights from the economics of corruption.
Above all, the black box of corrupt transactions is opened, enabling thereby to understand the channels through which capture occurs. Also, the analysis is extended to different types of corrupt relationships between the actors involved in regulatory processes.
By doing so, the paper detects the weak points of regulation and presents some avenues for anti-capture policy measures. The article concludes that the costs of improving the effectiveness of the debarment policy may outweigh any benefits, and the limitations on the debarment mechanism may need to be accepted as inherent in the nature of the debarment mechanism.
Sope Williams is a lecturer in law at the University of Nottingham, U. Mathias Nell and Johann Graf Lambsdorff. Corrupt arrangements are characterized by a high risk of opportunism: This paper demonstrates how legislators may use an asymmetric design of criminal sanctions and leniency programs to amplify these inherent risks, thereby destabilizing corrupt arrangements.
In particular, we show that bribe-takers should less be penalized for taking and more for reciprocating a bribe.
His doctoral thesis deals with corruption, law, and compliance. V,modified version in: Data on the perceived levels of corruption from a cross-section of countries has been introduced fruitfully into recent empirical research. This paper reviews studies on the consequences and causes of corruption.
It includes research on the impact of corruption on investment, GDP, institutional quality, government expenditure, poverty, international flows of capital, goods and aid. Causes of corruption focus on absence of competition, policy distortions, political systems, public salaries as well as an examination of colonialism, gender and other cultural dimensions.
Corruption - Where we stand and where to go Authors: Ethik, Politk und Korruption", WRG has partnered with the National Football League to assess the impact of PLAY 60 in the UK. PLAY 60 is the NFL’s campaign to encourage kids to be active for 60 minutes a day in order to help reverse the trend of childhood obesity.
This study reviewed 53 empirical articles on green purchase behavior from to This is one of the first study that reviewed articles related to attitude - .
Abstract: This paper describes a study on the attitude of consumers and insurance agents towards the proposed increase in Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Insurance sector in India.
The study focus on the impact of . WHITE PAPER – FEBRUARY Employee Satisfaction & Customer Satisfaction: Is There a Relationship? By Caterina C.
Bulgarella, Ph.D, GuideStar Research Analyst. Strong and repeated evidence indicates that the regular practice of religion has beneficial effects in nearly every aspect of social concern and policy.
The Beliefs, Attitudes and Values theory is a cognitive consistency theory, which indicates that a person’s beliefs, attitudes, and values must be in harmony with one another, and further explicates what the importance of this is .