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Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access Sociological theories of poverty Essay Sample Poverty is an issue that many social workers are likely to address and tackle throughout practice.
This assignment shall be based on two sociological theories of poverty. The Individualistic theory; which blames the responsibility of being poor with the individuals themselves, and the Marxist theory which views poverty as a social problem that has been produced and reproduced by structural forces in society.
This assignment shall explain why it is important for social workers to develop a sociologic approach to practice and consider how these two theoretical perspectives contribute to social workers understanding of this issue.
Poverty is measured and defined in two terms: Absolute poverty is based on the basic human needs that help to sustain life, such as food, shelter and clothing. Any person living in a situation where the basic needs of human beings are not being met are said to be living in absolute poverty.
Relative poverty refers to a situation in which a person lacks the necessary resources to enable them to participate in the normal and desirable patterns of life that exist in their society.
As societies become more affluent, standards for relative poverty are gradually adjusted upwards accordingly. Social and cultural factors are not totally disregarded, however more emphasis is placed on improper behaviours of individuals.
The central ideology behind individualism is the belief that those who suffer from low incomes and poverty, do so because they are unable or reluctant to provide adequately for their own well-being. Thatcher believed state welfare benefits encouraged dependency; her aim was to discourage state dependency by encouraging a free market of industries, private insurance and provisions of family support.
And no government can do anything except through people, and people must look after themselves first. Sociologists are now more inclined to see poverty as the result of characteristics of a social group such as a family or a community rather than that of the individual.
Marx viewed individuals as innately creative, but argued that their creativity had been suppressed by the harsh conditions of capitalism. Churton, Marxist emphasizes larger social processes such as class and inequality produce conditions of poverty that are difficult for individuals to overcome.
Marx based his class theory on conflict in an economic position. He divided classes into two groups, the ruling class, who were the capitalists known as the bourgeoisie, who owned land, machines and tools etc, which were used in order to produce wealth.
And the subject class, otherwise known as the proletariat who owned nothing but their ability to work.
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Marx argued that the bourgeoisie exploit the proletariat generation after generation, thus making it almost impossible for them to advance socio-economically and improve their life chances. Bilton etal, Neo-Marxists altercate that a state has two functions.
The first is to advance the conditions for accumulation of capital: This creates more scope for industries to make profits, and secondly, to legitimatize the capital system: This would be achieved by implementing measures, which encourage people to accept the system as it is, for example by offering pensions and health services.
Essentially the principle of the Marxist analysis of welfare is all about its exercise of power.
Nov 22, · Sociological Theories Perspectives on Religion Christopher J. Reed Sociology Mr. Nguyen March 14, Sociological Theories Perspectives on Religion When it comes to the social institution of religion, the three major sociological theories differ in a majority of ways. With its new focus on theories of the middle range, sociological inquiry developed into a multifaceted perspective, representing a variety of specialty topics and an expanded literature in which a proliferation of knowledge is documented. More Essay Examples on Sociology Rubric. Stepping deeper into the recent gang activities, that have prevailed in society within Chicago, former Gangster Disciple Harold Ward, speaks of the corruption among leaders in the city and their approval of the cartels from Mexico who have taken over their society as a whole (Pundit, ).
While the state might seek to reduce poverty its primary role is to uphold the power of the capitalist system and accumulation of profit. Churton, Points argued against Marxism are its description of capitalism is false and power in society is actually divided and that states promoting the welfare of their people are more legitimate.Sociological theories of poverty Essay Sample Poverty is an issue that many social workers are likely to address and tackle throughout practice.
Cunningham & Cunningham, () state that ‘Social work service users are amongst the most impoverished people in . Furthermore, the sociology of education is the study of educational structures, processes and practices from a sociological perspective, meaning that methods, theories and the appropriate sociological questions are used to better understanding the relationship between educational institutions and society, both at the macro and the micro levels /5(10).
There are many theories regarding the sociology of the society. For the study of Corruption through sociological theories two theories by Karl Marx (), socialism and conflict theory (Martindale, ) and C.
Wright Mills (), Power Elite Conflict Theory explains the societal corruption (Kendall, ). There are many theories regarding the sociology of the society.
For the study of Corruption through sociological theories two theories by Karl Marx (), socialism and conflict theory (Martindale, ) and C. Wright Mills (), Power Elite Conflict Theory explains the .
Nov 22, · Sociological Theories Perspectives on Religion Christopher J.
Reed Sociology Mr. Nguyen March 14, Sociological Theories Perspectives on Religion When it comes to the social institution of religion, the three major sociological theories differ in a majority of ways. Sociological Abstracts will cast a wider net searching many more sociology journals, but the article may or may not be available online (find out by clicking "check for UW holdings").
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