This is fundamentally a courtroom drama which does not follow the common cinematic practice of depending on character development in order to build or maintain interest. Here the characters are revealed rather than developed. They are not the principal interest of the film, but their stories and reactions are used to develop the true interest and purpose of the film - a debate to discuss where guilt lies for the growth of Nazi Germany, and how political and legal measures were allowed to develop into brutality and atrocity on a massive scale.
The film centers on a military tribunal led by Chief Trial Judge Dan Haywood Tracybefore which four German judges and prosecutors as compared to 16 defendants in the actual Judges' Trial stand accused of crimes against humanity for their involvement in atrocities committed under the Nazi regime.
The film deals with non-combatant war crimes against a civilian population, the Holocaustand examines the post-World War II geopolitical complexity of the actual Nuremberg Trials. An earlier version of the story was broadcast as a television episode of Playhouse InJudgment at Nuremberg was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".
Judge Dan Haywood Spencer Tracy is the Chief Trial Judge of a three-judge panel that will hear and decide the case against the defendants. Haywood begins his examination by trying to learn how the defendant Ernst Janning Burt Lancaster could have sentenced so many people to death.
Janning, it is revealed, is a well-educated and internationally respected jurist and legal scholar. Haywood seeks to understand how the German people could have turned blind eyes and deaf ears to the crimes of the Nazi regime. In doing so, he befriends the widow Marlene Dietrich of a German general who had been executed by the Allies.
He talks with a number of Germans who have different perspectives on the war. Other characters the judge meets are US Army Captain Byers William Shatnerwho is assigned to the American party hearing the cases, and Irene Hoffmann Judy Garlandwho is afraid to provide testimony that may bolster the prosecution's case against the judges.
German defense attorney Hans Rolfe Maximilian Schell argues that the defendants were not the only ones to aid, or at least turn blind eyes to, the Nazi regime.
He also suggests that the United States has committed acts just as bad or worse as those the Nazis perpetrated. He raises several points in these arguments, such as: Bell ; the German-Vatican Reichskonkordat ofwhich the Nazi-dominated German government exploited as an implicit early foreign recognition of Nazi leadership; Joseph Stalin 's part in the Nazi-Soviet Pact ofwhich removed the last major obstacle to Germany's invasion and occupation of western Polandinitiating World War II ; and the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in the final stage of the war in August During his testimony, he explains that well-meaning people like himself went along with Hitler's anti-Semitic racism policies out of a sense of patriotism, even though they knew it was wrong, because of the effects of the post- World War I Versailles Treaty.
Haywood must weigh considerations of geopolitical expediency and ideals of justice. The trial takes place against the background of the Berlin Blockadeand there is pressure to let the German defendants off lightly so as to gain German support in the then-early and growing Cold War against the Soviet Union.
Haywood visits Janning in his cell. Janning affirms to Haywood that, "By all that is right in this world, your verdict was a just one," but asks him to believe that, regarding the mass murder of innocents, "I never knew that it would come to that.
Ernst Janning Richard Widmark as prosecutor Col.Jun 03, · The theater company for which I serve as artistic director is presenting the Abby Mann historical drama “Judgment at Nuremberg,” and one of the most troubling scenes involves a man, the son of a Communist, sterilized by the Nazis because he was “mentally defective,” or perhaps because of his family’s political views.
Judgment at Nuremberg was written by Abby Mann for television and first aired on Playhouse 90 in ; it was then rewritten for film (for which Mann won an Oscar in in the Best Adapted Screenplay category) and again for the stage ().
Judgment at Nuremberg topic. Judgment at Nuremberg is a American courtroom drama film directed by Stanley Kramer, written by Abby Mann and starring Spencer Tracy, Burt Lancaster, Richard Widmark, Maximilian Schell, Werner Klemperer, Marlene Dietrich, Judy Garland, William Shatner, and Montgomery Clift..
Judgment at Nuremberg American judge Dan Haywood (Spencer Tracy) presides over the trial of four German jurists accused of “legalizing” Nazi atrocities. But as graphic accounts of sterilization and murder unfold in the courtroom, mounting political pressure for leniency forces Haywood to make the most harrowing and difficult decision of his Price: $ Made in , Judgment at Nuremberg is a thinly fictionalized film account of the post-World War II Nuremberg Trials.
It was written by Abby Mann and directed by Stanley Kramer. It was written by Abby Mann and directed by Stanley Kramer. Find and save ideas about Judgment at nuremberg on Pinterest.
| See more ideas about Maximilian schell, Marlene dietrich lili marlene and Marlene dietrich.